Just like any good comic book character, landscapes have an origin story. Since no speech bubbles pop out from the soil, learning a landscape’s history requires alternative methods. Now, thanks to scientists, even a grain of sand can enlighten you.
Oceans are typically favorable for animals to build their skeletons. But as the ocean absorbs more carbon dioxide, it becomes increasingly difficult for creatures to make shells. Here are five ways the Hakai Institute contributes to tracking ocean acidification in the North Pacific.